Monthly Archives: November 2012

What do we believe to be life’s most important necessities

Standard

What do we believe to be life’s most important necessities? Not long ago, most people would answer, “housing, food, transportation and clothing,” which have always been seen as the four basic needs of the Chinese. These days however, we need to add another item to this traditional list. Education has not only grown by leaps and bounds in importance, but also developed with the same speed in expense, especially higher education. According to a recent survey, only 7.5 per cent of the sample group could easily afford university fees which exceed 5,000 yuan (US$602) every year. More than 51 per cent, both from suburban and urban areas, consider the current fee system above their means. People frequently raise the question, “On what grounds are such high university fees based?” Before answering this, let’s first read some statistics. Usually, education fees are proportional to the economic situation of the country. For example, in the United States in 2003, the average annual college fee was US$5,132, which is about 15 per cent of per capita GDP. In China, while per capita GDP is a little above US$1,000, the average university fee was 4,172 yuan (US$502) last year, which means the proportion nearly surpasses 50 per cent.

The initiative in industrializing education is a way of seeking new growth for China’s economy. The term “Education Industrialization,” first used by Stanford University, was aimed at transferring knowledge and techniques from universities directly into socially productive forces. It brought about Silicon Valley, which has given great impetus to the American economy. However, in China, this term equals skyrocketing college fees and the expansion of college sizes. Instead of stimulating consumption, parents begin to save money for their child’s future education even before its birth. In a larger sense, it withered people’s consumption capabilities. Another result is that it laid a heavier burden on students from rural areas. Going to college was considered the only way these youngsters could change their lives and the underprivileged conditions of their families. With the striking increase in college fees, it is now harder for them to realize this collegiate dream. Thus, the demographics of student bodies changed dramatically. The proportion of students from rural areas once accounted for 60 per cent of all college students. Now, it is less than 30 per cent. It’s worrying that the majority of college students are now from “well-off” families who barely understand the real situations faced by those in poor and remote areas. In the coming years, high fees will further exacerbate the uneven development between rich and poor. The increase of college fees doesn’t reflect an increase in teaching quality at these institutions. With the growth of recruitment numbers every year, some colleges are short of qualified professors and equipment. Accordingly, there have been more and more big classes, which often have more than 80 students. The teachers have almost no time to communicate with their students as they are also busy rushing from one class to another. In the labs, two or three students often share a single piece of equipment. The cycle doesn’t end with students’ graduation. With the large sums spent on tertiary education, students and their parents are often extremely disappointed if the student fails to find a job which can pay back the investment. The relationship between colleges and students should not merely be seen as providers and consumers, since a good tertiary education benefits both the individual student and society as a whole. Similarly, if education veers from its appointed role, the aftermath will be shouldered by China as a whole.

This is Jill, manager of Shanghai Chiyang leisure product Co.,ltd
, we have manufacturing and trading high quality since 2008

If you are interested in me our our company ,please feel free to contact me.

Have a nice day!

our company website is :

www.gardenfurniture-

china.com

our alibaba website is : www.gardenfurniture-china.com

China garden furniture China

garden furniture

Advertisements

An education policy torn between the market and the state

Standard

THE students at Shengda Economics, Trade and Management College, in the quiet rural town of Longhu, in the central province of Henan, are among the most privileged in China. So why did they go on a rampage at the beginning of summer? In June thousands of them stormed through the grounds of their college, smashing windows and throwing stones at police cars. It was one of the biggest and most unruly protests on a university campus reported in China since the 1980s. At first glance, the cause of the riot might look unremarkable. Shengda students have long been unhappy with the college’s strict regime. This includes compulsory physical exercise at 6.30am, a ban on alcohol and smoking, and confinement to campus at weekends except for those with written permission to venture out. What self-respecting student wouldn’t protest? But the trigger for the violence was in fact quite different. It was the college’s decision to add the word “Shengda” to its students’ graduation certificates. The fact that this apparently trivial change provoked a riot illustrates the parlous state of China’s education system—and the difficulties of reforming it. Since the early 1990s, China’s embrace of market forces has upturned the provision of public services. Although most schools and colleges are still funded by the government, they now operate much more like businesses. They are allowed to generate extra revenue and so improve their facilities and attract more students. And, crucially, they have been permitted to raise fees—often in a disguised form to evade nominal government-imposed limits. The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences says that households now spend more on education than anything else, even though town- and city-dwellers are allowed to have only one child. In 2004 fees provided 18% of the revenues of schools and colleges, up from 4.4% in 1991. A common way for state schools and universities to earn extra cash is to start schools of their own, which they then run, in effect, as expensive private schools. The trend began some 15 years ago among primary and junior schools, and has reinforced an existing inequality. For most of the communist era, a two-tier system identified a few “key schools” that receive extra money and other favours in order to nurture pockets of academic excellence.

In June, a revision to the education law abolished the key-school system, which had caused much resentment. This left these pampered establishments in an excellent position to attract the highest fee-payers to their new quasi-private facilities. They can also charge high fees from students from outside their official catchment areas. This levy, which is known as a “school selection charge”, can amount to thousands of dollars. Many less privileged state schools are also prospering: after dividing their intake into separate streams, for example, they charge more for the classes with better teachers and facilities. Following the schools’ lead, state universities had by the end of the 1990s also increased their incomes, often in partnership with private capital. Shengda, which was founded in 1994, was an early pioneer. A decade later, China had 249 such quasi-private colleges with a total of 680,000 students, more than half a million of them studying for undergraduate degrees. At every level, the rich now have much better access to good education than the less well-off. At the same time, the opacity of the privatisation process stops fair competition between fee-charging institutions. State-funded institutions, especially those formerly designated key schools, dominate the market and deter genuine private investment. In the past two years, local governments have begun imposing business taxes on (genuine) private schools. Unable to make ends meet, some are now going bust. One of the biggest private education companies, South Ocean Education Group, which ran ten schools with some 10,000 pupils and 400 teachers, collapsed last year after officials in one province accused it of raising funds illegally. Even the official media suggested that its fate was more related to the reluctance of state-owned banks to lend to private schools. Shengda, a quasi-private college, has been blessed with more than 200m yuan ($25m) from a Taiwanese entrepreneur. This has enabled it to build an attractive lakeside campus. But what matters more to the students is the name of its parent institution, Zhengzhou University, one of the most prestigious in central China. Shengda students pay more than twice the fees of a Zhengzhou University student in exchange for a degree certificate with the words “Zhengzhou University” on it. The decision in June to add the word “Shengda”, they felt, drew unwanted attention to the fact that this was not quite the real thing. In a fiercely competitive job market (despite rapid economic growth, graduate unemployment has been rising), one word could make a grave difference. Employers often regard graduates from private or quasi-private universities as inferior to those from state institutions

This is Jill, manager of Shanghai Chiyang leisure product Co.,ltd
, we have manufacturing and trading high quality since 2008
If you are interested in me our our company ,please feel free to contact me.
Have a nice day!

our company website is :

www.shanghai-cyf.com

our alibaba website is : www.jiachi-furniture.cn

China garden furniture China garden furniture

Implementation of Nine-hear Compulsory Education

Standard

Since the promulgation of the “Compulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China” in 1986, the 9-year compulsory education has been implemented by governments at various levels and made significant progress. According to the statistics of 1998, the net enrollment rate of primary school age children attained 98.9%, and the proportion of primary school graduates continuing their study in junior secondary schools (including vocational ones) reached 94.3%. Lower compulsory education has been basically universalized in the areas with 90% of the national population inhabit and junior secondary education has been universalized by 73% of the national population. In the urban areas of large cities and economically developed coast areas, the universalization of senior secondary education has been launched.

Chinese government attaches great importance to the universalization of compulsory education in rural, poor and minority areas. In 1987, the former SEdC and the ministry of Finance jointly issued the “Opinion on Some Issues Concerning the Reform of Administration of Basic education in rural Areas”. At present, basic education is provided by the governments at the county, township and administrative villages levels with the administrative power assumed by county and township governments and with major decision made by the county governments. Efforts are made to integrate the development of education and the upgrading of quality of labor force with the development of the local economy and the advancement of culture and ethical and living standard of the people. As a result, the development of rural education and local economy have been promoted. Now, more than 95.2% of primary schools, 87.6% of junior secondary schools and 71.5% of senior secondary schools are allocated in towns and villages. MoE and Ministry of Finance have launched the “State Project of Compulsory Education in Poverty Stricken Areas” which will last from 1995 to 2000. The central government provides a special fund of 3.9 billion RMB, together with the 10 billion RMB from local governments, for the improvement of schooling conditions in the poverty stricken areas. Teaching The school year of primary and secondary school is divided into two semesters. The school year of primary schools comprises 38 weeks of teaching sessions with an additional week in reserve and 13 weeks for holidays and vacations. The school year for junior secondary schools comprises 39 weeks for teaching with an additional week in reserve and 12 weeks for holidays and vocations. The school year for senior secondary schools comprises 40 weeks of teaching with one or two weeks in reserve and 10 to 11 weeks for holidays and vocations. A five-day week has been implemented in primary and secondary schools. In the autumn of 1993, primary and junior secondary schools began to implement the “Teaching Scheme (Curriculum) for Full-time Primary and Secondary Schools (Pilot)”, and this scheme includes the arrangement of subjects and syllabuses of them. According to the scheme, subjects are divided into tow categories: state-arranged subjects and locally arranged subjects, with the latter determined by the authorities of provincial-level governments in the light of local realities and needs.

The current curriculum of senior secondary schools consists of two parts: subjects courses and activities. Subjects taught in senior secondary schools are divided into obligatory ones and optional ones. Activities include out-class activities and practice activities. In 1999, MOE began to design the new basic education curriculum system for the 21st century. Any child reaching 6 years of age should enter the primary school and in places where conditions are not available, the age for a child to enter a primary school could be postponed to 7 years old. In areas where junior secondary education has been basically universalized, all primary school graduates should enter nearby junior secondary schools, without sitting for any entrance examinations. However, those gradates from junior secondary schools seeking to continue their education in senior secondary schools have to sit for and pass locally organized entrance examinations before admission. Throughout compulsory education, students are required to take end-of-term examinations and tests or check-ups at the end of each semester, school year of before graduation. In primary schools, the Chinese language and mathematics are the required examination subjects for graduation, while the other subjects are checkup subjects. In secondary schools, the graduation examination subjects are determined within the scope of the general subjects taught in the graduating class set by the state, while the students’ performance in other subjects are only checked up

This is Jill, manager of Shanghai Chiyang leisure product Co.,ltd
, we have manufacturing and trading high quality since 2008
If you are interested in me our our company ,please feel free to contact me.
Have a nice day!

our company website is :

www.shanghai-cyf.com

our alibaba website is : www.jiachi-furniture.cn

China garden furniture China garden furniture

Education in china is facing a great chanllenge.

Standard

Education in china is facing a great chanllenge. Compared with the advanced education system, the problem of chinese education is obvious. Now developing the education system for ablity training should be the most important after a series of social problems resulted from the unlogical education methods and over-pursuit for students’ high score. First, our education concept focus on the result but not the procedure of learning; We all study for scores from primary school to college. Second, diploma is the only measurement of our ablity; we can’t obtain a good job without a rich-enough diploma, say nothing of promotion .Under such pressure, we are busy with the postgraduate examination, studying abroad to become a whitecollar thus have little time or energy to consider the things irrelative to us, say nothing of the benefit of our country. So,regarding to such results of chinese education, the reform of education should focus on two basic aspects. First, pay attention to the education procedures.The country should refresh the view of the traditional values of human resources, we should abandon the thought of score being the most important. The school should focus on the procedure of study and try to improve the integrated ablity of students. Secod, improve the capality of the teachers. A good teacher should treat the students kindly and give them advices in various fields for a teacher is due to not only enhance the imagination and creativity of the students, but also tell them the right way of living and treating the world. In summary, we should straightly face the problems occured in the past years, and learn a lesson from them to speed up the development of education in China.
A Survey of the Development of Basic Education
Basic education in China includes pre-school education, primary education and regular secondary education.
Before the foundation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, basic education in China was extremely backward. In 1946, the peak year of educational development,

the country had only 1,300 kindergartens, 289,000 primary schools and 4,266 secondary schools. After 1949, the central and local governments attached great importance to basic education and began to input a lot of financial, human and material resources in education. With the adoption of the policy of reform and opening to the outside world in 1978, basic education entered a new era of progress. In 1985, the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party issued the “Decision on the Reform of the educational Structure”, laying down the principle that local governments should be responsible for basic education. The new policy was an incentive for local governments, especially those of the counties and townships. In 1986, the National People’s Congress promulgated the “Commpulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China”, thus placing basic education in the country on a firm legal basis. In 1993 the CPC Central Committee and the State Council jointly issued the “Guidelines for the Reform and Development of Education in China”, clarifying the directions and basic policies for the development of basic education till the early years of the 21st century. In early 1999, the State Council ratified the “Action Plan for Educational Vitalization Facing the 21st Century” formulated by the Ministry of Education (MoE) , laying down the implementation of the strategy of “Invigorate China through Science, Technology and Education” and drawing the blueprint of reform and development for the crosscentury education based on the “Education Law of the People’s republic of China” and the “Guidelines for the Reform and Development of Education in China”. IN June 1999, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council jointly promulgated the “Decision on the Deepening of Educational Reform and the Full Promotion of Quality Education”, clarifying the direction for the establishment of a vital socialistic education with Chinese characteristics in the 21st century.
During the past 50 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, basic education in China has gained tremendous achievements. By the end of 1998, China had 181,400 kindergartens with a total enrollment of 24,030,300 pupils, 609,626 primary schools with a total enrollment of 139,538,000 students, 63,940 regular junior secondary schools with a total enrollment of 53,630,300 students, 13,900 regular senior secondary schools with a total enrollment of 9,380,000 students and 1535 special schools with a total enrollment of 358,400 students, among whom 225,500 students join the special education class or other regular class in the regular secondary schools.

This is Jill, manager of Shanghai Chiyang leisure product Co.,ltd
, we have manufacturing and trading high quality since 2008
If you are interested in me our our company ,please feel free to contact me.
Have a nice day!

our company website is :

www.shanghai-cyf.com

our alibaba website is : www.jiachi-furniture.cn

China garden furniture China garden furniture

Why B2B Is a Scary Place to Be

Standard

On July 11, Chuck Steinberger summoned the 31 employees of his Internet company to give them bad news: The company was closing–immediately. A planned merger had fallen through, and venture capitalists had pulled $10 million in promised funding. But this wasn’t the predictable demise of another pet-supply or teen-wear site. Industrialvortex.com was a business-to-business (B2B) exchange serving the $300 billion market for motors, valves, timers, and other industrial parts. Get ready for the Great Internet Shakeout, Part 2. The competitive forces that have ripped through the business-to-consumer market are now wending their way through one of the Web’s supposedly unassailable segments: the B2B exchange market. Too many similar sites are chasing after too few dollars, and too many operate under misguided strategies and poor management. ”Frankly, a lot of business models that don’t make sense got funded to try to capitalize on the huge stock market valuations,” says Steven J. Kafka, senior analyst at Forrester Research Inc. The result: The same crash-and-burn financing cycle that mowed down consumer sites is now decimating B2B exchanges. After running up to stratospheric levels in the first quarter of this year, the typical B2B stock is down by 70% to 90%. And private venture-capital funding is quickly drying up as well. That wasn’t the plan. Just like early consumer retail ventures on the Net, e-marketplaces for businesses showed huge promise. They are supposed to help buyers slash purchasing costs and discover new suppliers, products, and lower prices. Even better, business has been expected to snowball as suppliers are turned on to new buyers. The long-term prospects are still enormous. Sure, B2B e-commerce is embryonic today, accounting for a mere $215 million in 1999, or 1.4% of all commercial transactions, according to AMR Research Inc. But it is expected to explode: B2B e-commerce could reach $5.7 trillion by the end of 2004, and fully half of that will flow through exchanges. But the race to stake out that turf has led to a weed-like profusion of players. While it’s hard to pin down the exact number of online marketplaces, analysts say there are some 800 to 1,400 of these exchanges. In the chemical industry alone, more than 15 exchanges are scrapping away. And every industry, from aerospace to electronics to medical supplies, has seen dozens of exchanges pop up the past few months. With the sector’s crash, that seems to have peaked. Back in March, venture capitalists poured $800 million into 77 exchanges. Since then, investment in e-marketplaces has slowed. Four months later, in August, 35 exchanges got $500 million in funding, according to New York-based VentureWire, a newsletter that tracks the venture-capital industry. That has meant a multitude of sites fighting for more limited investment dollars and opportunities for sales. When the smoke clears three years from now, analysts predict a massive consolidation with 200 to 300 survivors. ”There will be only two to three winners in each space,” says John Ekoniak, a senior analyst at U.S. Bancorp Piper Jaffray. ”It’s going to be survival of the fittest.”

The likely end for those that can’t make it alone? Being gobbled up by a big fish. So far this year, Deloitte Consulting says that 33 e-marketplaces have already merged or been acquired. The B2B chemicals sector is a perfect example of that drama in action. An estimated $1.6 trillion market that is technologically sophisticated, with lots of buyers and sellers and a complex supply chain, chemical markets would seem ripe for e-commerce. But with at least 15 different marketplaces, the exchanges have failed to generate significant transactions, and none has yet emerged a winner. Too many sites isn’t the only problem. Some are having a hard time getting suppliers to join. Net competition has some manufacturers shunning the exchanges. When Industrialvortex.com tried to aggregate products from thousands of suppliers, for example, many refused to participate. They feared that parts buyers would suddenly have easy access to cheaper suppliers. The rise of sites backed by big bricks-and-mortar players in many traditional industries has also stymied many of the independent sites. Although many of them were early to launch exchanges, bricks-and-mortar rivals have had a much easier time connecting with traditional suppliers. Indie ChemConnect Inc. got off to an early start in 1995. In the past year, though, it has been hampered by the formation of three exchanges–Elemica, Omnexus, and Envera–backed by Bayer, Dupont (DD), and Dow Chemical (DOW). ”The [consortiums] have frozen the market,” says U.S. Bancorp’s Ekoniak. The result: Even though 11,000 buyers and sellers have joined ChemConnect, only a third of them have completed transactions. That’s not to say that industry-backed exchanges are having a smooth ride. With so many established companies coming together to create an exchange, some sites simply have too many cooks in the kitchen. Covisint, the auto-industry exchange backed by Ford Motor (F), General Motors (GM), and DaimlerChrysler (DCX), has four co-CEOs. The carmakers are such fierce rivals that choosing a name took nearly three months. Similar battles took place over what technologies they should use. Moreover, worries about anticompetitive behavior–Covisint faces an ongoing Federal Trade Commission probe into possible collusion–has slowed the service’s launch. ”Trying to organize [as many as] 40 to 50 companies is not a winning strategy,” says Glenn T. Meakem, CEO of FreeMarkets Inc., one of the few Indies that are aggregating significant transaction volume. Still, despite the challenges bricks-and-mortar-backed exchanges face, most analysts are betting that their deep pockets will keep them in the driver’s seat. Why? Investor skepticism about the sector means that most indie marketplaces will have no alternative to bankruptcy or being bought out after they run out of venture capital, which generally lasts just 6 to 12 months. The market for initial public offerings appears shut for now. Already, there are five B2B exchanges, including Commerx Inc. and PaperExchange.com, that have filed and so far failed to raise money from public investors. ”B2B is a poison well for IPOs,” says David Menlow, president of IPO Financial.com. That’s why market watchers expect that by next spring, leaders should have separated from the pack. Already, one formula–being a cross-industry generalist–seems to be the best bet. VerticalNet Inc. (VERT) in Horsham, Pa., has established a lead with a catchall strategy. Despite the sector’s nosedive, VerticalNet still boasts a market capitalization of $4.5 billion. Why? It reported $53.6 million in revenue for the second quarter. The company, which makes money from transactions, ads, and e-commerce fees, has created 57 different marketplaces for industries from energy to food. Then there’s auctioneer FreeMarkets. By this year’s second quarter, the Pittsburgh-based company had conducted 1,400 B2B auctions worth $2.2 billion, enabling it to report $19.4 million in revenue last quarter. And despite the market gloom, optimism abounds. Chuck Steinberger, for one, isn’t sweating the failure of Industrialvortex.com. He got six job offers from other indie marketplaces. And 30 of his 31 employees have been snapped up by other B2Bs. ”We were all in competition to see how many offers we could get,” says Steinberger. Of course, chances are, they’ll all be job-hunting a year or two from now.

This is Jill, manager of Shanghai Chiyang leisure product Co.,ltd
, we have manufacturing and trading high quality since 2008
If you are interested in me our our company ,please feel free to contact me.
Have a nice day!

our company website is :

www.shanghai-cyf.com

our alibaba website is : www.jiachi-furniture.cn

China garden furniture China garden furniture

China’s third-party logistics problems, causes and strategic choice

Standard

For a long time, China’s domestic enterprises procurement, transportation, warehousing, agents, packaging, processing, distribution and other aspects of control is not strong, in the “Procurement black hole”, “Logistics trap” in the waste is difficult to calculate losses. Therefore, third-party logistics research, the overall effectiveness in promoting the improvement of China’s economy has a very important theoretical and practical significance. This article attempts to my policy of three logistics problems and analysis of the causes of and propose several possible third-party logistics strategic choice.

Third party logistics industry in China’s major problems

Third party logistics industry in China’s major problems (A) The national policy of three logistics companies and foreign big gap between third-party logistics companies, specifically in the following areas: 1, economies of scale and capital gap significantly. Because third-party logistics companies large foreign strategic departure from the global business, its advantages of scale and capital is no doubt, especially start-up period of three logistics policy I, its very small size, strong capital that foreign giants China enterprises to shame. 2, I state policy of the logistics enterprises provide three logistics service level and quality control rather than foreign counterparts. When some domestic enterprise is still in logistics interpreted as “trucks, add warehouse logistics enterprises abroad already completed a series of standardized transformation. Meanwhile, foreign logistics organizational ability so powerful, Germany, for example, a third-party logistics company, all aspects of logistics experts across all over Europe. If the goods by a customer needs of different countries, so these experts from all over Europe in online design a the best logistics solutions. This provides solutions is the ability that the core competence of third-party logistics companies, unlike domestic companies claim to having many ship, how many car. 3, China’s accession to WTO, lower the threshold of the logistics industry. The logistics service industry: our commitment to all of the services sector, after a reasonable transition period, to cancel most of the foreign equity limit does not restrict access to foreign service providers the current market, do not restrict all the service sectors and the existing market access activities. The secondary distribution services while also making a similar commitment. These restrictions will be phased out after 3-4 years, during which foreign service providers can create a hundred per cent wholly-owned subsidiaries or business sector, the domestic logistics industry will face international competition. (B) serious waste of resources, third party logistics efficiency is not high. From the microscopic point of view, due to the impact of the planned economy, a long time many enterprises, especially state-owned enterprises to go the “large”, “small” route, they have their own warehouse, fleet, and even ocean-going vessels team, resulting in wasting a lot of the logistics process, the specific performance of the idle warehouse, logistics decentralized operation, the low level of organization, transverse joint weak. And to provide integrated, modern, professional, punctual, efficient services to third-party logistics enterprises are very small. From a macro point of view of economic development of third-party logistics failed to keep up with the pace of the formation of industrial management model, but only with the transportation, telecommunications, commercial materials, foreign trade and other sectors of the integration and collaboration.
(C) the lack of systematic management, equipment standardization is low. Most of the current third-party logistics enterprises in China under the traditional system based on materials circulation enterprises developed, the service mainly stay in the storage, transportation, lack of systematic management, logistics, low efficiency, lack of effective third party logistics functions Play. In addition, the fragmentation of China’s logistics sector, making the link in the transportation logistics and equipment standards are not uniform, does not support current standards for physical facilities, resulting in the increase in third-party logistics invalid operation, speed, and reduce costs. (D) third-party logistics platform to build lag, lower degree of information technology. Third-party logistics and distribution platforms, including physical network and information network, physical network refers to the logistics facilities, transportation, transportation hubs in the geographical location of the rational distribution and the formation of physical network; information networks that use third-party logistics business and information technology, Information resources to their chain integration and the formation of a shared network of information resources. The status of physical network are: low levels of third-party logistics and equipment, and information networks also lack the necessary public logistics platform. (E) the concept of logistics management of domestic enterprises is still very backward, which greatly restricts the development of third party logistics. For example: Some companies believe that inventory information is confidential business information must be managed by the enterprises themselves, the class of business activities while outsourcing the management concept difficult to accept, often resulting in control of their own poor management of logistics, business competition in the market weakens Force.
3 Causes of problems analysis (A) lack of modern logistics management knowledge and expertise of logistics personnel. This is the third-party logistics industry in restricting the development of China’s most important one of the bottlenecks. Logistics knowledge, especially in modern integrated third party logistics knowledge is far from being universal, but that its main business areas is to provide transportation and warehousing services, not know that it is new to these traditional business integration of its business fields Far too simple to become connected with transport and storage of raw materials, semi-finished products supply, production process, material flow, the whole process of product distribution services, as cover flow, solid logistics, capital flow, information flow is equal to the integrated system of systems. (B) fails to effectively use modern technology. This situation has greatly restricted the cultivation of third-party logistics companies, affecting their overall competitive strength increased. China’s accession to the WTO, domestic enterprises will face third-party logistics strong competition from abroad, the domestic third-party logistics industry is difficult to provide low-cost, high quality and efficient service. (C) subject to the constraints of traditional management systems. Fragmentation in the traditional institutional arrangements, third party logistics activities have been separated from many different sectors such as transportation, post and telecommunications, foreign trade, domestic trade and only involves the transport industry to the Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Communications, etc. Some departments, the lack of efficient collaboration between departments, resulting in the transport process of rotation of the mode of transport and time-consuming part of the cost of logistics in the process of becoming “trap. ” There are also procedures for customs management, material procurement and other aspects of some of the provisions of the logistics enterprises also raise the level of integrated services and business development areas, thus restricting the rapid development of third-party logistics industry. 4 The third party logistics enterprise strategic choice Summarized the latest of several foreign logistics theory and the development of third-party logistics with the current practice of foreign, third-party logistics firm’s strategic choice to have the following three: (A) Lean Logistics Strategy Since the lag theory and practice of logistics, our most extensive third-party logistics company or business, it can not accurately position their logistics services. If you do not reverse this situation as soon as possible, will be third-party logistics industry in China have restricted role. Lean production theory of logistics for our third-party logistics company provides a new development ideas for these enterprises to survive in the new economy and development opportunities. Lean Logistics concept originated in lean manufacturing. It is produced from the Toyota Motor Corporation 70 years in the last century by the original “Toyota Production System”, after research by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor and summary, was published in 1990 published “change the world of machines), a book. Lean thinking is the use of various modern management methods and means, based on the needs of society to fully play the role of people as a fundamental and effective allocation and rational use of corporate resources to maximize economic benefits for enterprises to seek a new Management philosophy. Lean Logistics Lean Thinking is the application in logistics management, logistics development must reflect. The so-called Lean Logistics means: the process by eliminating the production and supply of non-value added waste in order to reduce stocking time, improve customer satisfaction. The aim of Lean Logistics according to customer needs, providing customers with logistics services, while pursuing the provision of logistics services in the process to minimize waste and delay, the process of increasing value added logistics services. Lean logistics system is characterized by its high-quality, low cost, continuous improvement, driven by customer demand oriented logistics system. It requires establishing the customer first thought, on time, accurate and fast delivery of goods and information. In short, Lean Logistics, as a new management ideas, bound to have a third-party logistics enterprises in China have far-reaching impact, it will change the appearance of the extensive third party logistics management concept, the formation of third party logistics Core competitiveness. (B) the establishment of small and medium third party logistics value chain alliance Third-party logistics enterprises of small and medium can not be independent because of their one-stop logistics services to provide full shortcomings, and because the small size of assets, services, not wide area so that small and medium enterprises in China’s logistics third party logistics industry at a disadvantage. Therefore, third party logistics for small and medium enterprises, starting from their own resources to construct their own core competence is the key. As small and medium enterprise features of a single third-party logistics and incomplete, so based on their respective core competencies based on the structure of the logistics business enterprise cooperation is an effective capacity to make up for deficiencies, constitutes a feasible way of competitive advantage of logistics. Value chain is the use of systems approach to investigate the interaction between business and the analysis of all activities and their access to the resources of competitive advantage. Value of the business activities fall into two categories: basic activities and support activities. Basic activities are involved in product creation and sale of the material transferred to the buyer and after-sales service activities. Basic activities of supporting activities is to assist the revenue by providing outsourcing, technology, human resources and a variety of functions to support each other. Theory to analyze the value chain study the value of third party logistics chain composition, can be found in auxiliary activities, third party logistics enterprise and general business is no different, the basic activities in the third-party logistics companies has its own characteristics. Third-party logistics enterprises there is generally no commodity production process, only the re-circulation process, does not account for major components of a wide range of third-party logistics companies and thus become the basic operating activities of storage, transport, packaging, distribution, customer service and marketing, etc. link. Various aspects of the basic work activities, due to their own limited resources and capacity, can not have every aspect of an advantage in that value chain in terms of some of the deficiencies, resulting in their overall logistics function not complete, lack of corresponding competitiveness and comparative advantage in some sectors of the value chain due to lack of overall effect should not play. Therefore, third party logistics industry, small and medium sized logistics enterprises within the Union, should be based on the value chain between complementary on the basis of cooperation, make full use of professional logistics companies and logistics functions of specialized logistics organization and coordination of agents Flexible complementary integrated logistics capabilities. Third-party logistics for small and medium enterprises, value chain should start with the advantage of links to explore and develop the core competitiveness of enterprises, through the reconstruction of the value chain to avoid weaknesses. (C) Large third-party logistics enterprise virtualization of strategy Rapid development in IT and the Internet era, companies can not fight alone singles, but must be in the competition and collaboration, in cooperation and development. Thus, under modern conditions resulting from modern large-scale virtualized development of third-party logistics has a strong necessity. Large third-party logistics enterprise virtualization is the logistics management resources of others who will have “all”, through the network, the other part into its own logistics, with the help of others break the power of physical boundaries, extending to achieve their various Function, and thus expand their ability to enhance their strength. Therefore, the logistics information technology, virtualization is a means for the connection and coordination of temporary and dynamic alliance in the form of virtual logistics. Integrated logistics virtualization technology as a means of electronic communication, customer-focused, based on the opportunity to participate in members of the core competencies as a condition to an agreement for the common pursuit of goals and tasks, the different parts of the country’s existing Resources to quickly mix into a no walls, beyond the space constraints, by means of electronic networks, contact the unified command of the virtual business entity, the fastest launch of high-quality, low-cost logistics service. Modern large-scale virtualization, including third-party logistics functions, organization, geographic three virtualization. Virtualization capabilities with third-party logistics enterprise IT technology will be distributed in different locations, different companies take different functions within the logistics resources (information, human, material and other resources) organized to accomplish a specific task, to achieve the optimization of social resources. Virtualization refers to the organizational structure of the logistics organization is always dynamically adjusted, not fixed, but also decentralized, flexible, self-management, flat network structure, its objectives and in accordance with changes in the environment re-combination, in a timely manner Reflect the market dynamics. Virtual is the regional third party logistics network through the Internet link the global logistics resources, removing barriers and national barriers, to production management to achieve “virtual neighbors. ”

This is Jill, manager of Shanghai Chiyang leisure product Co.,ltd
, we have manufacturing and trading high quality since 2008
If you are interested in me our our company ,please feel free to contact me.
Have a nice day!

our company website is :

www.shanghai-cyf.com

our alibaba website is : www.jiachi-furniture.cn

China garden furniture China garden furniture

Will Commodity Properties Affect Seller’s Creditworthy: Evidence in C2C E-commerce Market in Chin

Standard

Credit environment is the foundation of development of C2C E-commerce. Many scholars study on the credit-related factors of C2C E-commerce. Friedman, E., and Resnick(2001) analyzed the seller behavior in view of revenue and cost of fraud. Bernard Conein, Richard Arena(2008) described the game process in credit in open e-business community. Wang YF, Hori Y, and Sakurai K (2008) discussed characteriz-ing properties of trust and reputation in peer to peer environment. Some scholars began to research on the credit factors in specified commodity market. Wei’an Li, Desheng Wu and Hao Xu (2008) examined the relationship of reputation and trading volume in online game prepaid card C2C market. But it only analyzed the prepaid card sub- market. This paper tries to explore whether and how the properties of commodities have significant impact on credit rating in some C2C E-commerce sub-market, not only focus on one sub-market.

Is credit reputation really different among C2C E-commerce commodity sub-market? From the Descriptive Statistics of Average Credit Rating ,We found that online game good has the highest average credit rating of 3.72, while home furnish has the lowest of 0.91. The range of between the highest and the lowest level goes to 2.81. The standard deviation of average credit rating is 0.68. This shows that the aver-age credit rating of commodities is indeed significantly different. Table 1. Descriptive Statistics of Average Credit Rating Range Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation Variance 2.81 0.91 3.72 2.5394 0.68138 0.464 In the view of different types of commodities how the commodities properties (price, volume, the extent of imitation, etc.) affect the behavior and credit rating of sellers in e-commerce market can be explored in depth. 2 Whether Credit Is Dependent on Commodity Properties: Theory Discussion 2.1 Literature Review Whether the credit behavior is dependent on the internal personal factors or on exter-nal environment factors is controversial. The psychologists consider that both the internal personal factors and external environment factors affect the human behavior, while no consensus has been reached on which factor, internal factors or external factors, is more important in credit behavior. There are mainly two arguments con-cerning the determinants of creditworthy: (1) Both Internal Factors and External factors have Same Impact on Behaviors Heider F. (1958) wrote in his book “The psychology of interpersonal relations” that factors of behavior includes internal factors and external factors. Internal factors are personality, motivation, emotion, attitude, ability, mood, effort and other personal factors, and external factors are incentives, luck, job difficulty and other environ-mental factors. Behavior is the result of both. From this point of view, credit behavior is determined by the human nature and external environment. External environment has an impact on credit behavior. (2) External factors are more important to individual behavior Weiner’s findings (1986) places external factors in a more important position and illustrates that the individual behaviors may not reflect the nature of personality, atti-tude, etc. He considers that when individuals obey the social environment, individual behavior may not meet internal personality. Even many scholars have shown that the C2C e-commerce credit behavior is closely related to the extent of information asymmetry (Jagdip Singl and Deepak Sirdeshmukh, 2006), the return and cost of fraud(Friedman and Resnick, 2001), price (Lee, Z., Im, I., and Lee, SJ, 2000), con-sumer trust ( Javenpaa.SL and N. Tractinsky, 1999), trading volume (Wei’an Li, De-sheng Wu and Hao Xu, 2008).

(3) Related research in commodity properties and credit rating Melnik, M. I. and J. Alm(2002) observed that different reputation will affect the buy-ers’ behavior in E-bay auction. Paul A. Pavlou, Angelika Dimoka(2006) thought that the feedback text comments about product attribute can influence buyer’s decision. Dewan, S. and V. Hsu(2004) found out the buyer’s adverse selection in online stamp auctions. Wei’an Li, Desheng Wu and Hao Xu (2008) find out that the positive rela-tionship of reputation and trading volume in online game prepaid card C2C market in China. Based on previous research, this paper tries to explore whether and how the proper-ties of commodities have significant impact on credit rating in some C2C E-commerce sub-market, not only focus on one sub-market. And it also want to examine both buyer’s and seller’s adverse selection in E-commerce.

This is Jill, manager of Shanghai Chiyang leisure product Co.,ltd
, we have manufacturing and trading high quality since 2008
If you are interested in me our our company ,please feel free to contact me.
Have a nice day!

our company website is :

www.shanghai-cyf.com

our alibaba website is : www.jiachi-furniture.cn

China garden furniture China garden furniture